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Reducing Data Movement on Large Shared Memory Systems by Exploiting Computation Dependencies

Shared memory systems are becoming increasingly complex as they typically integrate several storage devices. That brings different access latencies or bandwidth rates depending on the proximity between the cores where memory accesses are issued and the storage devices containing the requested data. In this context, techniques to manage and mitigate non-uniform memory access (NUMA) effects consist in migrating threads, memory pages or both and are generally applied by the system software.

We propose techniques at the runtime system level to further mitigate the impact of NUMA effects on parallel applications’ performance. We leverage runtime system metadata expressed in terms of a task dependency graph, where nodes are pieces of serial code and edges are control or data dependencies between them, to efficiently reduce data transfers. Our approach, based on graph partitioning, adds negligible overhead and is able to provide performance improvements up to 1.52X and average improvements of 1.12X with respect to the best state-of-the-art approach when deployed on a 288-core shared-memory system. Our approach reduces the coherence traffic by 2.28X on average with respect to the state-of-the-art.

 

DOI: 10.1145/3205289.3205310